Social Studies – Spanish Period Summary

Posted: February 21, 2011 in Social Studies

Probably one of the hardest things that I had to do for this 4th quarter, or maybe for the whole school year, was to summarize my topic in our report. It was about the spread of Christianity, and it was took really long. Here was the hard work that I faced, and the result of it.

The Summary

Magellan’s Arrival to the islands of the Philippines mark the first attempt to convert the Filipinos to Christianity. This conversion was received by mixed responses. Most of the Filipinos received the conversion with open arms, and were happily converted to Christianity. Some did not like the conversion, such as Lapu-Lapu. He did not believe that the Filipinos needed to change, so he killed Magellan, making him the first ever Philippine hero. Thats not to say that Christianity should not have been spread to our country, because if not, the Philippines would mostly be a Muslim country (which I do not like). After Magellan, the Spanish sent Legaspi to the Philippines, and he conquered a Muslim settlement in Manila during 1570. The religion slowly spread throughout the Philippines, evident in present Filipinos, most of whom are Christians.

Christianity spread throughout the Philippines in numerous ways, including:

1. Mass Baptism – baptizing the Filipinos is very large groups at once. It is said that the Filipinos interpreted Baptism as healing, which relies on the presence of Holy Water.

2. Reduccion Policy – moving small groups of Filipino settlements into one, large town. This was to regulate the Filipinos, and teach them the basics of Christianity

3. Early Attitude of the Spanish Clergy – early on, the Spanish clergy was forced to learn the Filipinos’ native language if they want to teach them. Without Spanish schools, the priests were forced to say Mass in the Filipinos’ native languages. Early on, (first 150 years) the Spanish priest supported the Filipinos over the military. Later, the priests enraged the Filipinos by being unfair to Filipino priests who are bound to reach a higher position.

4. Adaptation of Christianity to the local culture – the Filipinos believed in spirits, which were responsible for the good, and bad. They had statues and altars, all of which were destroyed by the Spaniards. They replaced them with Christian adaptations of their early beliefs, and used theatrical presentations of Bible stories to appeal the Filipinos. This is even seen today, whenever the Filipinos re-enact the Passion of Christ using religious drama, during Holy Week.

 

The Powerpoint slides can be seen here: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49772373

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